malcom smiling

al-Hajj Malik El Shabazz (Malcom X) 19 May 1925 – 21 Feburary 1965

“Happy Birthday Our Shinning Black Prince!”

Malcom’s Speech at the establishment of the Orgnization of African American Unity (OAAU) 

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“Inna LilLlahi Wa Inna Ilayhi Raajiuun”

“We belong to Allah and to Allah is our Final Return”Sultan3

It is with deep sadness that we announce the passing of the 15th Khalifa of the Jama`at of Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye` in the east, Sultan al-Hajj Abu Bakr ibn Sultan Muhammad at-Taahir ibn Sultan Muhammad Bello Mai Wurno ibn Sultan Muhammad Attahiru I ibn Sultan Ahmadu Zaruku ibn Sultan Abu Bakr Atiku ibn Amir’l-Mu’mineen Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye`, may Allah illuminate his grave with the lights and fragrances of Firdaus, and benefit all of us by his baraka.

He died  04.05.2016 at 3:00 p.m. Tuesday, the 27th of Rajab, 1437 .A.H. (May 3, 2016). Our condolences to every descendent of the Shehu in Sudan, Nigeria, Niger, Burkina, and the Hijaz, and to all of the members of the jama`at of Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye`, wherever they are. We will post a eulogy and more information once the jama`at in Maiurno have announced the new Sultan.

Download: The Eulogy of the Sultan

Download: Weaping for the Spiritual Masters


‘O Allah, make the months of Rajab and Sha’baan blessed for us, and let us reach the month of Ramadan.’ 

As-Salaamu Alaykum thanks for visiting, The Sankore’ Institute of Islamic-African Studies International (S.I.I.A.S.I) is a non-profit, non-political educational institution founded for the sole purpose of researching into the educational, political, cultural and religious heritage of Islamic Africa. The primary area of concern is that part of Black Africa traditionally known as the Bilad ‘s-Sudan (The Lands of the Blacks). These lands include all the regions located south of the Sahara desert and north of the tropical jungles, between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. The purpose of the S.I.I.A.S.I is to elucidate and evidence the Islamic traditions which were born out of African nations such as Takrur, Songhay, Mali, Ghana, Kanem-Bornu, Wodai, Fur, Funj, Sokoto, Segu, Massina and the Mahdist kingdom of the Nile valley.  More>

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The translations below, and more are located in Digital Archive.

al-`Uhuud wa’l-Mawaathiq







Jawaab as-Shaykh al-Khadeem


UN Working Group Findings

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The Education of Humanity

The Sankore’ Institute is honored to present to the reader a book which clarifies in the most concise and eloquent manner the reality (haqiqah) of the last and final Messenger to mankind, Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdu’l-Muttalib ibn Hashim, (may Allah bless him as long as the east wind blows and to the number of created things). Many writers in the past have written about the sublime reality of this noble Messenger.  However, this book was written by one of Africa’s leading scholars and revolutionaries.  Thus, we can get a glimpse as to how the people of the Lands of the Blacks viewed their beloved Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

The Character Traits of the Chosen One

salawaat ala nabi2The Akhlaaq’l-Mustafa (the Character Traits of the Chosen One) byShaykh Abdullahi ibn Fuduye` is an exposition upon the personality of the most perfect creature that ever existed, our master, Muhammad ibn Abdullahi, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The title of the text is taken from the singular phrase ‘khuluq’ with the letter laam inflected with the damma, which means – one’s personal way of life, nature, and natural disposition.

The Support of the Dedicated Worshipers 

This text, `Umdat’l-Muta`abideen wa’l-Muhtarifeen (The Support of the Dedicated Worshippers and Skilled Professionals) by Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye`, may Allah engulf him in his mercy, is one of the most concise books composed dealing with the essential knowledge which is obligatory upon every responsible person to know and act upon. For the common Muslim who has not attained the station of scholar or student of knowledge, this text provides those necessary elements of the religion for which the servants will be questioned about on the Day of Judgment. For the student of knowledge, this text provides the sources from which the scholars derive their legal judgments: the Book and the Sunna.

The Hour of the Christians

On March 15, 1903 the armies of the Sokoto Caliphate were defeated at the hands of the British Imperialists. The Caliph (or ruler) of the Sokoto Caliphate at that time was Muhammad Attahiru, the twelfth ruler after Shehu Uthman Dan Fuduye’. After the ‘defeat’, Attahiru led a mass exodus (hijra) of his loyal supporters and officials on the famous ‘hijra to the east’, which had been foretold a century earlier by the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate, Shehu Uthman Dan Fuduye’. >>

Risaa’lat Li’l-Amraad

This book was originally a letter of advice written for the regional amirs and officials of the Sokoto Islamic Caliphate. I believe that it was composed during the first year of his rule in 1818, when many regions began to revolt from under his rule, and many of the veterans of early days of the consolidation of the kingdom were becoming disillusioned either through longing for the asceticism that was the custom of the past, or being preoccupied with the responsibilities gained from their victories. >>

162 Responses to Home

  1. wa alaykum as salaam wa rahma
    I asked several of the elders in Maiurno, Sokoto and Niger about this same question. All of them said that all three were very tall over 6’4″. The Shehu was lean and remained that way throughout his life. Abdullahi was lean, but became thick in old age. Bello also became thick in old age as well. When I say thick I do not mean fat or obese. As for there features, the Shehu was what we in the states call ‘red bone’ like the typically Fulani with fine curly hair. He had no facial hair except a little hair that grew under his chin. It is said that he most resembled his mother. Shaykh Abdullahi was jet black with a massive beard, and most resembled his father Fudiye Muhammad. Bello was very bright skinned with a thick beard and would be considered in Sudanic terms ‘baydaan’ like the Moors, the Sahrawi, the Banu Hassan and others from Mauritania. This description of these shuyuukh was corroborared by Shaykh Umar Ahmad Zaruk, Shaykh Abu Bakr Basambu both of Maiurno; , Waziri Junayd of Sokoto, Galadima Salihu if Niger.

    • Isa says:

      thank you Shaykh. i read that the Shaykh ceasely engaged in sending blessings on the Prophet. is it the salatul Ibraheem. Jaza ka Lahu Khairan.

      • Yes from the age of ten the Shehu began to send blessings upon the Prophet profusely until Allah granted him with states of jadhab (spiritually magnetic attraction) which impacted him until he attained the age of thirty-one. By thirty-six due to his abundant sending blessings upon the Prophet he reached a state where he had complete mastery over his physical body and was capable of extraordinary feats such as seeing the far like the near, hearing what was far like hearing what was near, being able to grasp something with his hands which was journeys away without moving, being able to walk on his feet a distance that swift horses could not travel in months. He was made aware of his entire physical body, its bone structure, nervous system, circulatory system, muscles, hair etc and knew the advantages of evey part of his body. He could taste food and drink with his togue ebfore swallowing and determine whether that food or drink was permissible or forbidden. He could smell the odor of any individual and could determine by the sweetness or pungence of their smell exactly what good deed or bad deed they had committed. All this was the result of his abundant sending blessings uppn the Prophet. Then at age thirty-nine and some months he was overcome with a stste of yearning ()shawq) for the Prophet where he would weep often out of longing for him. In that same year on the 12 of Rabi al-Awwal he tok an oath and covenant that he would not speak with or communicate with anyone verbally except by sign language and committed himself to only articulating the prayer upon the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. he did this for an entire year, afterwhich he had his greatest spirituall unveiling where he was made the Imam of the Awliyya, the mujaddid of the religion, was given the Sword of truth and the rest, as we say, is history.

        • s for the particular expression of the prayer upon the Prophet utilized by the Shehu, he transmitted to his followers twenty diffrerent expressions in his Dalaa’il and the salaat’l-ibrahimiyya was one of the wtenty. Because he was a follower of the Timbuktu mujaddid Ahmadu Baba ithere is no doubt that he like most of the scholars considered the salaat al-ibrahimiyya to be the most superior forms of sending blessings upon the Prophet because that was what was transmitted by the POrophet to his Umma.

  2. Hasan Anyabwile. says:

    Salam alaykum, Shaykh, Sidi Muhammad Sharif. My name is Hasan Anyabwile and I live in the UK. I want to now how to give my Ba’ya to the new Aamir? There’s no Jamaat in the UK, so should I write to the new Imam/Aamir?
    Is it possible for me to get his address or that of his Wazir please.
    Hasan Anyabwile.

  3. Happy 91 st birthday Imam al-Hajj Malik El Shabazz! may Allah illuminate your grave and endow us to have the nerve and bravery to complete what you started!

    It is the intention of SIIASI of posting several pertinent speeches of al-Hajj Malik El Shabazz which speaks directly to the problems African American and other national minorities in the US are facing.

  4. mustafa says:

    Salam alaykum. Are there any martial arts taught with a silsila back to Sahaba? Which martial art would recommend we study?

    • There are many martial arts systems developed within Muslim societies, such as Silat Harimau in Indonesia, Java, Malaysia and the Phillippines. There is the sytem of which I am a student under Amir Sifu Mwalimu Bomani Abd;l-Hamid Mugharibi, the Jeomen Wushu system developed by the Hui Muslim cmmunities of China. I am sure there are others because Islam, like Shinto and other far eastern religions, is a martial religion. The only martial system that I know of which can be traced back t the Companions, is a double broad sword form transmitted in Syria with its sanad ging back to the Companions. This is what my teacher Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi informed me.

  5. AsSufi AsSufi says:

    SALAAMU ALAYKUM akhi Shaykh Muhammad Shareef. greetings from the belly of the beast. May Allah release us from this… We have missed you and we periodically hear word of your doings and travels. May Allah continue to bless you and shine Nur upon you and your path. We have discussed recently one of your statement, “… Y’all need to… and get over here where people look like you and come start some businesses.” Akhi what type of businesses are available to start? Can they be started without us being present? You know the system ain’t letting some of us out of the sijjin however everthing is in Allah’s will and power. We do have finance and we want to try something abroad. Also what should we be studying while our time ticks away. Some of us are trying to be come huffuz/haafiz. That’s so that our worship can be extended and perpetual because we don’t want to get caught up in the filth of this world which is tricky being that the soul is inclined towards evil. Shukr akhi. Much love and respect.
    Ma’s salaamah
    Akhuk fi Islaam
    Ishmiel The Sufi

  6. as salaamu alaykum wa rahma

    Since Friday after juma`a prayer Mali time, I had been calling the new Sultan Ali in order to renew my oath of allegiance in the same manner that I took the oath of allegiance from his precedessor the late Sultan al-Hajj Abu Bakr. Each time I called, he would answer the phone and all I would hear were throngs of people making supplication and the new Sultan saying Amin and adding his own supplication. Finally, today at 8:15 a.m. Bamako, Mali time I was able to reach the new Sultan Ali ibn Sultan Muhammad at-Tahir ibn Sultan Muhammad Bello Maiurno ibn Sultan Muhamad Attahiru ibn Sultan Ahmad Zaruuq ibn Sultan Abi Bakr Atiku ibn Amir’l-Mu’mineen Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye`, may Allah elongate his authority until it reaches the Awaited Mahdi. I renewed by oath of allegiance based upon the Book and the Sunna and told him clearly that I recognize no other authority besides his authority and that I was under his command inwardly and outwardly to hear and obey in hardhip and ease. I informed him of the new Amir in the US, Amir Mustafa Ahmadu Baba and the new jama`at in South Africa and their Amir Rashid. he then made a long supplication for me to continue calling people to the minhaj and that this call will not cease. He prayed for the jama`ats and the Amirs with a long supplication. I also informed him that I would send him a letter recounting what happened and is happening with the jama`ats that follow the Shehu and those who broke their oath of allegiance. He said he would be expecting my letter. Let this be a notice to everyone of the renegades who claim that they are a part of the Jama`at of Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye` in the US – this is your wake up call! By Allah! there is bo barrier between my supplications and Allah and I know your names and addreses! You all have been served!

  7. Ousmane says:

    Salamu Alaykum, Sheikh Muhammad Shareef.
    Thank you so much for the digitized archives. It’s a real pleasure to “know” the Fodiawa scholars through their works.
    Thank you again.

  8. I am deeply sorry for posting this so late, but I just recieved the news that on April 15, 2016 one of my mentors Dr. Akbar Muhammad the youngest son of Mr. Elijah Muhammad passed away. He was one of the first of the sons of Elijah Muhammad to go abroad and study. He was also the first to break from the teachings of his father.
    He died at the age of 76, and was the associate professor emeritus of history and Africana studies at Binghamton University from 1975 until 2014, when he retired.

    According to http://www.binghamton.edu Akbar Muhammad “taught a wide range of undergraduate and graduate courses on African history, the history of Islam, the history of Africans in the Americas, and Africa and the West. His scholarship included a book, Racism, Sexism, and the World-System (1988), as well as scholarly articles on Muslims in America, Malcolm X, education in post-colonial Nigeria, and challenges to French colonialism in the 19th-century Ivory Coast. He served as chair of the Afro-American and African Studies Department from 1979-82 and 1985-88, president of the New York African Studies Association in 1985, and as a member of the editorial board of the African Urban Quarterly.”

    In addition, Akbar Muhammad was the first to explore the writings of the early Arabic scholars on the role of African and Blacks in early Islam. I had the occassion of keeping company with him back in 1991 when we both gave lectures on African Islamic traditions in Sacremento California. It was during that time that I had the chance to interview him regarding his role in helping to transform the political ideas of al-Hajj Malik El Shabazz. It was in 1959, as he informed me that Malcolm X invited Akbar Muhammad to address a gathering in Harlem. In fact Louis Lomax also spoke of this in his book. At the time Akbar Muhammad was dressed in complete Sudanese attire all white thobe with a white turban and shawl. It was during this lecture that Akbar introduced the idea to Malcolm about the need to utilize the same international conduits which the African independents and anti-colonial movements were using to gain their independence. In fact, Akbar Muhammad passed on to Malcolm X and proposal from the then president of Egypt, Gamal Abdul Nasser: “that if the NOI embraced Sunni Islam and took their case to the United Nations, that Egypt would supply the NOI with military training and financial assistance in their struggle for self determination.” Of course in 1959, this was not the narrative of the NOI, which at that time, and now believe that God would intervene in giving Blacks in America their independence. However, it was clear, based upon al-Hajj Malik El Shabazz’s post NOI political direction that he had taken up the offer presented to him by Akbar Muhammad.
    In fact Dr. Akbar Muhammad was pro-African, a pan Africanist in his ideas and a Sunni Muslim who leaned heavily towards an embrace of African Islamic traditions. It is for this reason that academically, he became my mentor. He saw the early written objectives of the SIIASI in collecting, preserving and translating rare African Islamic sources, and gave his full support and approval. of all the children of Mr. Elijah Muhammad, Dr. Akbar Muhammad was the person that I looked up to and followed closely. I pray that Allah ta`ala illuminate his grave, redeem him from its punishment, establish him with the correct answers to Munkar and Nakir, resurrect him under the banner of Praise of the Prophet along with all the African Muslim scholars and reformers of the past, redeem him from the tarment of Hell and enter him into Paradise without any reckoning. I pray that Allah will join me with him in the Paradise of Firdause where we can converse intimately about all the things of the African Islamic traditions that I have always been curious about.

  9. mustafa says:

    Saalam alaykum.
    I’ve read through all the works posted here in terms of what they are written about. However what I’m interested to know is, are there any books the Shehu wrote or you would recommend that mentions the virtues of various sura of quran and the fadila of reading quran?

    • There is no particular text from the Fudiawa scholars which address that particularly. However, Nana Asma, the daughter of the Shehu composed a text which was published by Dr. Beverly Mack and Jean Boyd called Tabshir al-Ikhwaan bi’t-Tawassul bi Suwar’l-Qur’an `Inda’l-Khaaliq al-Manaan in their Collected Works. She took this mainly from the teachings of Shaykh Muhammad Tukur ibn Muhammad, one of the leading disciples of the Shehu. There are several works which Shaykh Muhammad Tukur utilized or sourced and are the basis for many of the Sudanic scholars who teach the fadaa’il of the Qur’anic chapters. The texts are called Kitaab Fath al-Majid and Kitaab al-Mujaribaat. When I studied the fadaa’il and khawaas of the Qur;anic chapters and verses with Shaykh Muhammad Bello ibn Umar ibn Yusef ibn Muhammad Bello ibn Shehu Uthman Dan Fuduye’ in the town of Maiurno it were these two books which he sourced. However, these books because they are a part of what scholars call the elemental sciences (`ilm awaa’il) they are rarely translated into English. You will find these works translated into Hausa, Fulbe`, Kiswahili, Bambara etc, but not any of the European languages. There are some western scholars such as Robert Abdul Hayy Darr, Lloyd D. Graham, Noah Gardiner and others who have written extensively on this from an academic perspective, but not from the inside of this tradition.

  10. mustafa says:

    Salam alaykum. Thank you for the latest book. Reading the introduction, you mention Shehu’s fath at age 40. As someon fast approaching 40 can you go into the signifance of 40 for men in particular and the number 40 in general. (e.g. Musa fasted 40 days etc). Shukran!

    • wa alaykum as salaam wa rahma
      First my deepest condolences go out to the victims of the horrendous terrorist attack that took place in Mali and Brussels. The African Muslims, and African nations cannot allow themselves to be pulled into the destructive narrative of the Arab terrorists intent on detroying life and property!
      To continue:
      The cannon for measurement in human affairs is the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger’s birth, life and death are the standard for how a person should be. if Allah ta`ala decress that a person shares in the resemblance to the Prophet in how he lived then this to the Poeple of Allah is an achievement. It is for this reason that the Shehu composed his Yimre’ Tanasabuje` (Song of Comparison) where he cited the many comparisons between his own life and that of the Messenger of Allah.

      One particular comparison was that at the age of 40 and some months, some say 41, the Messenger of recieved the first revelation and was designated as the Imam and Seal of the Prophets and Messengers. Likewise at the same age the Shehu, may Allah be pleased had his greatest opening and was designated as the Imam of the Awliyya, given the Sword of truth and was acknowledged by the scholars and laymen alike as a mujtahid and mujaddid of the 12th century hijra.

      Sultan Muhammad Bello said in a poem:
      “idhaa atamma arba`eena fa kahlun * wa kamaalun wa quwwatun wa tamaamun”
      “When a man completes the age of forty, then he is middle aged
      He has attained perfection, strength and completion.”
      In his an-Nishreen fi man Balagha `Arba`een, Sultan Bello also said: “It has been narrated in the prophetic traditions: ‘Allah ta`ala says to the Guardian Angels be kind and compassionate towards a person as long as he is in his youth. However, when he attains the age of forty be exact in verifying and recording his deeds’. It is because of this that some of the righteous weep when they reach that age and say as a result: ‘My years have become great. My bones have become thin; and the strict recording of my deeds have commenced!’ Masruq one said: ‘When you reach the age of forty then be very careful!’ An-Nakha`i once said that it is normally said to the one who reaches the age of forty: ‘Guard your soul!’It was the practice of the Salaf that when one of them reached the age of forty, they would extend themselves into the worship of Allah. `Umar ibn Abd’l-`Aziz once said: ‘The proofs against the one who has reached the age of forty are complete’. the wise say that when a man reaches the age of forty and his evils deeds out weigh his bad deeds then he should weep for his own soul! One poet said:
      ‘Are you not ashamed to act at the age of forty
      the way you were when you were twenty?!'”
      Here ends what Sultan Muhammad Bello said and in it is the good of the this life and the Next.
      I say: that the age of forty is a time when you reep what you have sowed. if you have sowed good deeds, it is at the age of forty that you began to see the benefits. If you sowed evil deeds, it is at the age of forty that you began to see the results and recompenses. In fact no matter what you do out of habit be it a profession, career, business; if you apply yourself to it for years it is usually around the age of forty that you start seeing the benefit of your work.
      In my own case, I began calling people to the minhaj of the Shehu at the age of twenty-five. It was when I reached the age of forty and some months that the Khalifa of Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye`, Sultan al-Hajj Abu Bakr appointed as Amir of those in the jama`at in the US, Canada and Europe.

      In fact the the spiritual station of forty (maqaam’l-arba`een), is a spiritual station well known with the People of Allah. Shaykh Muhy’d-Deen Ibn Arabi and Shaykh Abd’l-Qaadir ibn Mustafa spoke about this station in detail in their works. Howeever, what they discussed is of no concern here. What Sultan Muhammad Bello said above will suffice in understanding what is expected of you when you reach forty…
      …and success is with Allah ta`ala.

  11. No, I am not sure what you are talking about. I have never heard that prophetic tradition before, so I cannot comment on it or what it means. The Shehu was quite clear in his methodology. In fact any question that I raised to my Shaykh Muhammad al-Amin, he would always start by saying to me: “the pages have already been beautified”; meaning that there was rarely an issue in islam that the Shehu and his comrades did not write or compose a treatise about it.

    There was no issue that the Shehu wrote more about than the signs of the End of Time. The Shehu was quite clear about this age: “the zaman an-nasaara” and that it would only be removed with the appearance of the Mahdi. According to our traditions that the age would get darker and darker and the earth will be filled with oppression and injustice until the earth is completely filled with it; and the Mahdi would appear and fill it with justice and equity as it had been filled with oppression and injustice.
    This is a time for every individual to revive the Living Sunna in themselves, their families and their communities in preparation for the Coming Man.

  12. Modibo Mustafa says:

    The flag, is it the same one that Shehu gave to his generals when they conquer their enemies? And why it is called a Provincial Government of the Islamic Emirates off the New Africa?

    • In the Rawd al-Janaan and in many oral traditions as well as Fulfulde poems it was reported that the Shehu’s green flags would be given victory for 100 years. From 1803 to 1903 the Shehu’s Caliphate governed the entire central bilad’s-sudan and his community were victorious. He also said on the eve of their victory at Tabkin Kwoto that one century after this victory would come the zaman’n-nasaara (the age or hour of the European Christians) and that it would remain until the appearance of the Awaited Mahdi who will bring victory for Islam like the waves.
      The Shehu also said as it was related in the Infaq’l-Maysuur of Sultan Muhammad Bello that his jihad will not cease until it reaches the Mahdi.
      I myself once asked my Shaykh Muhammad al-Amin about that statement and he said that the jihad of the Shehu began with the jihad of words and the jihad of the pen and ended with the jihad of the sword. In this time of the zaman’n-nasaara we have returned back to the jihad of the word and the pen and the Awaited Mahdi will re-establish the jihad of the sword.
      The Shehu’s flags were green and they written on them There is no diety except Allah Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. As for the flag posted on the siiasi.org site, I designed it myself and presented it to our Sultan al-Hajj Abu Bakr ibn Sultan Muhammad at-Tahir ibn Sultan Muhammad Bello Mai Wurno ibn Sultan Muhammad Attahiru ibn Sultan Ahmad Zaruuku ibn Amir’l-Mu’mineen Abu Bakr Atiku ibn Amir’l-Mu’mineen Shehu Uthman ibn Fuduye`; and he blessed it and approved of it.

      A provisional government is a government on paper, a government in the minds of the people, a government which is yet to be given genuine outward sovereignty. Allah willing we pray that Allah ta`ala will allow this provisional government to exist until He manifest His proof on earth and khalifa, Imam al-mahdi Muhammad ibn Abdullahi…
      …success is with Allah.

      • Modibo Mustafa says:

        Assalamu alaykum wa rahmatullah Shaykh Muhammad Shareef

        Does the explanation of Shehu’s assertion by Shaykh Muhammad al-Amin implies that in the absence of governance (hukm), the ummah in general and the jama’at of Shehu in particular should be preoccupied with developing effective scholarship that will act as a buffer between the Muslims’ deen and the divergent world in this electronic age? If it is so, what then is the political implication of the saying attributed to the Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa salam,; “Islam is going to go knot by knot like a rope going to the heavens. Every time when one knot goes up, people cling to the knot that follows. The first thing that goes is the is governance (hukm) and the last thing to go is the salat (prayer)” in relation to the narrative that says “the hukm of Islam has been gone for a long time and is not coming back? I don’t know if I make sense here!

  13. wa alaykum as salaam wa rahma

    Sid Khalid
    Please look above and click on the Digital Archives and you will find that ALL the books are in English. Thanks for dropping by

  14. Khalid Muhammad says:

    Salamu alakum wa ramatullah wa barakatu

    Do you have good books in English that I can read to gain knowledge my Arabic is not that good

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