About the Text
The Turudbe’ Fulbe’ have been the purveyors of social reform and the creators of kingdoms in the Bilad‘s-Sudan, for more than 9 centuries; and what we mean by the bilad’s-sudan, are those lands that lie between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea, and what is between the beginning of the Sahel savannah lands below the Sahara until the beginning of the tropical forest. However the origin of this Fulbe’ clan have been cast in a veil of mystery mainly due to the diverse opinions among ancient and contemporary scholars concerning them.
Furthermore, the various names given to these people do nothing to remove this enigma. For example: Takrur, Tukulor, Turunkawa, and Turudbe’ (sing. Turuudi), are all names referring to one people.